The Grade Point Average (GPA) 5 rate in the Higher Secondary Certificate (HSC) and equivalent examinations of 2020 have more than tripled from the previous year, with 11.83% of students achieving the top score.
In 2019, only 3.54% of students achieved GPA 5 in the HSC exams. A total of 161,807 students achieved GPA 5 in the HSC exams 2020, as compared to 47,286 in 2019, according to the Education Ministry.
A total of 396 students who had achieved GPA 5 in the Secondary School Certificate (SSC) and Junior School Certificate (JSC) exams were denied the top score in the HSC exams, due to the new result calculation method used amid the Covid-19 pandemic. Most of those who were denied the top score were in the science group.
On the other hand, 17,043 students who did not achieve GPA 5 in the SSC or JSC exams were awarded the top score in the HSC exams.
In an explanation of why some students were denied GPA 5 despite achieving the score in previous exams, Education Minister Dipu Moni said: “A total of 396 students didn’t achieve GPA 5 as they had low scores in subjects that were prioritized for their field. They had obtained GPA 5 in previous exams by adding the marks of another subject that was not prioritized in HSC result calculation.
“Students who obtained GPA 5 in all the subjects prioritized for their field received the top grade in the HSC exams, even if they failed to achieve the maximum GPA in SSC or JSC exams,” she added.
According to the Education Ministry, JSC exam scores were weighted 25% and SSC exam scores 75% for HSC result calculation. Scores in exams on compulsory subjects such as Bangla, English and ICT were prominently considered in the HSC result calculation process.
For students in the Science Group, scores of JSC exams on mathematics and science were prioritized in HSC result calculation, as were scores in SSC exams on physics, chemistry and higher mathematics or biology.
For students in the business studies and humanities group, scores in exams on mathematics, Bangladesh and global studies were prioritized. Both secondary and higher secondary levels were considered for HSC result calculation.
In the case of group change, the marks of three subjects in HSC humanities and other groups have been determined by considering 75% of marks in three consecutive subjects of SSC and equivalent examinations, with 25% of the average marks obtained in mathematics, Bangladesh and global studies in the JSC and equivalent exams.
In the case of partial subject candidates, the results have been determined in the same manner as with the distribution of unsuccessful subject marks.
In October last year, the Education Ministry formed a seven-member technical committee, headed by Additional Secretary Nazmul Haque Khan, to develop a method of evaluating candidates based on SSC and JSC exam results.